In the twenty-first century, we live under constant anxiety and threats to our security, amongst which the following few can be named: economic security, health security, food security, personal and community security, and particularly the environmental security caused by climate change, degradation of the environment, depletion of natural resources and pollution, among others.
The term Human Security was first brought to relevance through the publication of the UNDP Human Development Report (1994). This report focuses on an expansive range of threats that we humans live today.
Millions of people are dying today because of natural disasters and climate change. In order to address the growing challenge of human security, a new paradigm of development is needed that puts the human being at the center of decision-making and public policies, including respect for the natural environments on which all living beings depend and protecting the life chances of future generations.
On the other hand, the concept of natural disasters refers to the enormous losses in human life and material caused by events or natural phenomena, such as earthquakes, floods, tsunamis, landslides, and others.
At the same time, Human security is an interdisciplinary concept whose characteristics are:
Provide participants an understanding that permits them to take care of the planet and the natural environment, ensuring a balance between care for the environment, social welfare and economic growth for the conservation of natural resources.
The Case Study Method, which consists of selecting, defining and characterizing a case so as to proceed with its case analysis and set out scenarios which could solve it, will be applied throughout the course. The case study method is still used in areas of social sciences as a method of qualitative evaluation.
The problem-solving method, born of l’École Polytechnique Française, is currently being applied in various sciences and disciplines.
It will be established as a permanent process throughout the course and it will consider the following elements: Individual work, work by team, participation in the sessions and characterization and presentation of a case study.
Multidisciplinary, meaning professionals from diverse disciplines and with different educational histories.